What is bloating? How does it happen? What are its symptoms, and how can you treat it naturally? Find out everything here.

In today’s lifestyle, problems like acidity, gas problem, flatulence, bloating have become a very common disease. There is only one root reason for this, due to lack of time, people have started living an excessively irregular and unbalanced lifestyle, which directly affects the stomach.

The stomach has an inner layer called mucosa. In this layer there are many small glands, which produce stomach acid and an enzyme called pepsin to digest food. Whereas stomach acid digests food, pepsin digests proteins. When there is swelling in this inner layer, then there is a problem of gas in the stomach. Due to this, the production of stomach acid and pepsin starts decreasing and stomach gets upset, flatulence i.e. bloating problem starts.

What is Bloating?

Usually the cause of flatulence is the gas produced in the stomach. Due to which the size of the stomach starts increasing. It is also called abdominal swelling. This is usually felt after eating food. This problem occurs when gas gets filled inside the small intestine. Its direct indication is also disturbances in the digestive system. Although it is considered a common problem, if ignored, this disease can also become serious.

Bloating can occur due to many reasons such as lifestyle disturbances, hormonal imbalance, consumption of stale food, filling of water or fluid in the stomach, constipation, being hungry for a long time or sitting in one place for many hours, when periods come. The physical changes that take place also cause bloating of the stomach. Apart from this, there are many other reasons for excessive consumption of medicines or bloating. It also has a very bad effect on health, to get rid of it it is very important to recognize the right symptoms.

The problem of flatulence is mostly due to consumption of fried and spicy food. Due to flatulence, you have trouble in everyday activities. Due to bloating, the stomach feels full and hunger is not detected and neither are you able to enjoy food properly in such a situation. In winter, the problem of gas formation in the stomach, heaviness of the stomach and bloating usually increases. Due to this you feel very lazy during the day and you feel tired all the time. Sometimes you have to be ashamed due to excessive gas formation. These problems increase in winter because our metabolism and digestion usually slows down in winter, due to which heavy food is not easily digested.

Symptoms of Bloating:

The most common symptoms of flatulence are a feeling of fullness and discomfort, but there are other symptoms that are important to understand for the correct diagnosis of the disease. Symptoms of gas can range from mild burning in the stomach to severe pain. Although mild burning can be ignored, the pain becomes difficult to tolerate. Other symptoms of gas in the stomach are as follows-

  • Nervousness
  • Restlessness
  • stomach ache
  • constipation or diarrhoea
  • weight event
  • fatigue
  • severe headache or weakness
  • frequent gas formation
  • smell when gas is released
  • flatulence and sour belching
  • feeling like vomiting
  • loss of appetite
  • frequent hiccups
  • stomach cramps
  • Occasional fever
  • Constipation
  • Change in stool colour or blood in it

The last two symptoms mean that your problem has taken a serious form and it is not right to ignore it.

Causes of Bloating

The root cause of the problem of flatulence is diet and lifestyle, but to understand this, by discussing it in a little detail, it will be easy for you to find out the reason. According to Ayurveda, flatulence occurs due to the vitiation of Vata.

Diet- If there is more gas in your stomach, bloating and feeling of heaviness, then it may be due to your diet. In winter, people often eat more spinach and cabbage. Both these vegetables are very good for health, but they should not be consumed too much, as they can cause gas in the stomach. Apart from this, consumption of gram, gram lentils, beans, foods made from gram flour, maida, kidney beans, chickpeas etc. also causes gas and bloating in the stomach.

Drinking water with food- Often people keep drinking water along with food. This habit can also be responsible for the problem of excessive gas formation and bloating. Therefore, do not drink water while eating food or immediately after it. Keep in mind that if you have to drink water, then drink it 30-45 minutes before meals or 30-45 minutes after. With this your diet will be digested properly and there will be no problem of gas or heaviness in the stomach.

Eating dinner late- Eating late at night also causes gas and heaviness in the stomach. Actually, whenever you eat food late in the night and go to sleep after that, then that food is not digested. This undigested food causes gas, abdominal pain and constipation. This habit can spoil your liver and digestive system in the long run. Always eat dinner 2-3 hours before sleeping.

Do not lie down immediately after eating – Some people have a habit that they lie down or fall asleep immediately after eating. Sleeping usually occurs after a meal, but falling asleep too quickly is dangerous for your digestive system and health. This can cause gas, constipation and heaviness in the stomach. Therefore, after eating food, take a walk for a while. If time is short, then definitely walk for at least 15 minutes.

Do some exercise – We eat food every day but do not try to digest it. Usually, if you do not do anything, then some part of the food is digested by the body, but it neither gives you the benefit of the nutrients eaten in the food nor is it good for your digestive system and other organs. Therefore, do exercise for at least 30 minutes every morning. There is no need to do very heavy exercise, if you just walk for 15-20 minutes and do 10-15 minutes of some jumpy exercises, then that is enough for you. If this is also not possible, then try to cycle for 30-40 minutes daily.

Apart from this, diet mismatch and some minor mistakes are also due to the problem of flatulence-


  • Most of the people make this mistake the most, they do not eat anything to save time in the morning and later do lunch heavy. For this reason, their dinner is also heavy, let us tell you that this is the biggest reason for bloating, so have a fibre-rich breakfast every morning. Due to this you will not feel hungry before time and your stomach will not become bloated.
  • Apart from this, many people keep their stomach empty before going to the wedding or party, that is, they do not eat anything, but this should not be done, due to this also there is a problem of bloating.
  • Never eat hot curd.
  • Ghee kept in a bronze vessel for ten days should not be eaten.
  • Fruits, curd, sattu, radish and brinjal should not be eaten at night.
  • Do not eat more things made of pickles and vinegar.
  • Do not eat sour, spicy, chaat-pakoras, gol gappas, curd-bhalla, samosas, kachori-chhole-bhature.
  • Do not consume hot foods, hot chilli-spices and foods made with acidic juices.
  • Abandon tea and coffee completely.
  • Apart from junk food and fast food, give up soft cold drinks as well.

Mismatched diet

  • Do not eat rice with lentils or roti with lentils, if you eat, then eat plenty of vegetables too.
  • Roti should not be eaten with milk or curd.
  • You cannot eat curd with milk or should not drink milk after eating curd.
  • Bananas should not be eaten with milk and curd.
  • Radish should not be eaten with milk or curd.
  • Hot water or any hot substance should not be taken with honey.
  • Radish should not be eaten with honey.
  • Kheer should not be eaten with khichdi.
  • Melon, cucumber and cucumber should not be eaten with milk.
  • Cheese should not be eaten with curd or curd with cottage cheese.
  • Vegetables with fruits or fruits should not be eaten after vegetables.
  • Sweet potato, potato, kachalu should not be eaten with lentils.

Perhaps you will be surprised to know that due to some diseases, the problem of flatulence also occurs. like-

Sometimes there can be common causes of abdominal bloating, including digestive issues, poor diet, gas, stress, taking medications or changing environment. But if every day you feel bloating on the stomach or your stomach remains bloated like a balloon, then be careful. Flatulence of the stomach indicates these serious diseases. Know which are these five serious diseases-

Liver problems- Swelling is also seen on the stomach due to liver failure, due to which the stomach often looks bloated. It can also result from hepatitis, excessive alcohol consumption, medications, or liver cancer.

Intestinal problems- If the stomach is hard along with bloating and you are also facing problems like vomiting, nausea, constipation, then it can also be due to intestinal disturbances or a tumour in the intestine.

Stomach cancer- Although colon cancer is not easily recognized because it does not show its symptoms in the early stages, the bloating of the stomach indicates changes in the internal part. In this condition there is a risk of vomiting, nausea, weight loss and other infections.

Pancreatic cancer- Pancreatic cancer shows the symptoms of jaundice along with swelling on the stomach. It can be quite fatal and you may feel loss of appetite, upper abdominal pain along with the continuous loss of weight.

Uterine cancer- In some cases, the symptoms of uterine cancer include bloating or fullness of the stomach. In this condition, there is pain in the pelvis or lower abdomen and feeling more full than before. Generally women over the age of 50 or women with serious conditions can be victims of this.

Stomach tumour- The problem of flatulence is common, but when it is accompanied by sudden weight loss, it can be a sign of a tumour in the stomach.

Hernia- If along with flatulence, cough, cold and weight loss start, then it is a sign of hernia disease.

Prevention Tips for Bloating

By making small changes in your diet and lifestyle, you can easily get rid of the problem of flatulence. If you know about the reasons that increase the problem of flatulence, then try to avoid them, apart from this in your daily routine. By adopting some methods, you can control this problem. If you do these remedies regularly then you will never have the problem of gas.

  • You must drink at least eight to ten glasses of water daily. Due to this the digestive system works well and there is no problem of constipation. Our intestines work well when the stomach is clean, so that gas and acidity do not have to be faced.
  • Eating fried and chilli-spicy things causes burning in the stomach and gas starts forming. Therefore, keep a distance from such foods. Also note that eating which thing causes you burning and gas in the stomach. You can make a list of such foods and avoid eating them.
  • Keep away from junk food.
  • Keep an eye on all the medicines you are taking. If you feel burning and gas in the stomach after taking any of those medicines, then tell the doctor about it. Your doctor may give you another medicine instead.
  • Do not consume alcohol, smoking and tobacco at all. These spoil our digestive system, causing gas and acidity. Along with this, their consumption also affects the kidneys and lungs.
  • If this problem is caused by lactose, then do not take milk and milk products.
  • Consume seasonal fruits and vegetables.
  • Reduce the use of tea, coffee and carbonated soft drinks.
  • Do not eat junk food and street food.
  • Include exercise, yoga in the routine.
  • Make a habit of walking.
  • Stay away from smoking and alcohol.
  • Take more and more fibrous food.
  • Sarvangasana, Uttanpadasana, Bhujangasana etc. should be done regularly.
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